Volume 3, Issue 3, December 2008
Professor, Department of Microbiology, The Chinese University of Hong Kong
Introduction - Global Concerns and Challenges
Throughout the world, healthcare professionals are concerned at the growing problem of antimicrobial resistance and the global emergence of multi-drug-resistant organisms (MDROs) in the health care setting and in the community. The use of penicillin in early 1940s on a wider scale, and the subsequent newly-introduced antimicrobials, was soon followed by the emergence of resistantmicrobes. Some of the seresistant organisms in relation to the introduction of antimicrobial agents are listed in Table 1. The prevalence of MDROs has increased dramatically worldwide during the last decades . Most alarmingly are in infections caused by MDROs whereby resistance...